Later medieval works also deal with the Merlin legend, including through unusual stories such as Le Roman de Silence. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Der männliche Vorname Merlin bedeutet übersetzt „der Falke“, „Düne“ und „Hügel am Meer“. Vortigen's wise men advised him that the only solution was to sprinkle the foundation with the blood of a child born without a father. This name of the famous fifth-century sorcerer and mentor of King Arthur may or may not be a bit wizardy for a real-life modern child. Merlin name meaning is falcon, and the lucky number associated with is 8.  Later writers in France and elsewhere expanded the account to produce a fuller image, creating one of the most important figures in the imagination and literature of the Middle Ages. The Prophéties de Merlin (c. 1276) contains long prophecies of Merlin (mostly concerned with 11th to 13th-century Italian history and contemporary politics), some by his ghost after his death, interspersed with episodes relating Merlin's deeds and with assorted Arthurian adventures in which Merlin does not appear at all.  If so, the hypothetical Merlin would have lived about a century after the hypothetical historical Arthur. Myrddin, the wizard who tutored King Arthur in British legend was known as Myrddin Emrys. Marlin is name that's been used by parents who are considering unisex or non-gendered baby names--baby names that can be used for any gender. So Merlin probably means "Ambrose of Carmarthen", and is only vaguely related to Mervyn and its variants. The Dragon later participated alongside Morgana in scheming against Arthur, Merlin, and Camelot. (This represented the struggle between the invading Saxons and the native Celtic Britons.) Clas Myrddin is also one of the early names for Great Britain given in the Welsh Triads. Even more political Italian text was Joachim of Fiore's Expositio Sybillae et Merlini, directed against Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor whom the author regarded as the Antichrist. He also earlier instructs Uther to establish the original order of the Round Table, after creating the table itself. For other uses, see, The young Merlin reading his prophecies to, According to Alan Lupack, "Merlin plays many roles in Arthurian literature, including bard, prophet, magician, advisor, and warrior. [note 8] The form of his prison or grave can be variably a crystal cave, a hole under a large rock (as in Le Morte d'Arthur), a magic tower, or a tree. In the first, Merlin creates Stonehenge as a burial place for Aurelius Ambrosius, bringing the stones from Ireland. Yes, for the rest of the English-speaking world, this would be the state of Maryland. He does not tutor and advise Arthur as in later versions.. / Today I shall end my present life engulfed in the waves. Geoffrey retold the story in his Historia Regum Britanniæ with some embellishments, and gives the fatherless child the name of the prophetic bard Merlin. Der Sage … Merlin Name Meaning English, French, and Spanish (Merlín): from the Old French personal name Merlin, Latin Merlinus was derived from the Welsh personal name Myrddin. The name is of Celtic origin and is one of the names traditionally given to the Lady of the Lake. ", Lloyd-Morgan, Ceridwen. Eventually, it was directly incorporated into the Vulgate Cycle as the Estoire de Merlin, also known as the Vulgate Merlin or the Prose Merlin. It is said to come from the Greek word “Mneme,” which means memory. :200 One site of his tomb is said to be Marlborough Mound in Wiltshire, known in medieval times as Merlebergia. In North Welsh tradition, Merlin retires to Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli), where he lives in a house of glass (Welsh: Tŷ Gwydr) with the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain (Welsh: Tri Thlws ar Ddeg Ynys Prydain). Ambrosius Aurelianus a Romano-British War Hero. (2018 U.S. SSA RECORDS). When brought before the king, Ambrosius revealed that below the foundation of the tower was a lake containing two dragons, battling into each other. What follows is a new episode of the young Arthur's drawing of the sword from the stone, an event orchestrated by Merlin. The name Merlina has seven characters. Name Marlin Categories. While Nennius' Ambrosius eventually reveals himself to be the son of a Roman consul, Geoffrey's Merlin is begotten on a king's daughter by an incubus demon. Carmarthen is also associated with Merlin more generally, including through the 13th-century manuscript known as the Black Book of Carmarthen and the local lore of Merlin's Oak. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. Common themes in most of them include Merlin usually having the prior prophetic knowledge of her plot against him (one exception is the Spanish Post-Vulgate Baladro where his ability is dampened by lust), but lacking either ability or will to counteract it in any way, along with her usually using one of his own spells against him.  In the Vulgate Lancelot, which predated the later Vulgate Merlin, she (aged just 12 at the time) instead makes Merlin sleep forever in a pit in the forest of Darnantes, "and that is where he remained, for never again did anyone see or hear of him or have news to tell of him. Its most noted modern bearer: football star turned actor Merlin Olsen, whose father was named Merle. Writers translated this into Latin as Merlin Ambrosius, and into English as Mervyn. The name "Merlin" derives from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard Myrddin Wyllt. Merlin▼ is alike in pronunciation to Marlan, Marlen, Marlinn and Marlonn. Belle N. Burke (trans), Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, "Frequently Asked Questions about the Arthurian Legends | Robbins Library Digital Projects", Annales Cambriae, from Saint Patrick to AD 682: Texts A, B & C in Parallel, https://books.google.com/books?id=cTY44q6n0MgC&pg=PA19, "Arthurian Legend in the Seventeenth Century", "Arthur and Gawain - Robbins Library Digital Projects", "Echoes of Legend: Magic as the Bridge Between a Pagan Past and a Christian Future in Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur", "The Enchantress, the Knight and the Cleric: Authorial Surrogates in Arthurian Romance, "Studies in the fairy mythology of Arthurian romance", "Merlin | Robbins Library Digital Projects", Locations associated with Arthurian legend, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merlin&oldid=990869696, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Fictional characters with neurological or psychological disorders, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Cornish-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 00:02. "Narratives and Non-Narrtives: Aspects of Welsh Arthurian Tradition. [note 2] This infernal plot is thwarted when a priest named Blaise [fr] immediately baptizes the boy at birth (in Brittany), thus freeing him from the power of Satan and his intended destiny. Gefoffrey included the prophet in his next work, Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136). and. Geoffrey of Monmouth Latinised the name to Merlinus in his works. [note 10] In the Prophéties de Merlin version, his tomb is unsuccessfully searched for by various parties, including by Morgan and her enchantresses, but cannot be accessed due to the deadly magic traps around it, while the Lady of the Lake comes to taunt Merlin by asking did he rot there yet. ", Markale, J (1995). His argument was based on the fact that early references to Merlin describe him as possessing characteristics which modern scholarship (but not that of the time the sources were written) would recognize as druidical, the inference being that those characteristics were not invented by the early chroniclers, but belonged to a real person. [note 1] His standard depiction, based on an amalgamation of historical and legendary figures, was introduced by the 12th-century British author Geoffrey of Monmouth.  The demonic legacy invests Merlin with a preternatural knowledge of the past and present, which is supplemented by God, who gives the boy a prophetic knowledge of the future. These episodes appear in many later adaptations of Geoffrey's account. The House of Tudor, which traced their lineage directly to Arthur, interpreted the prophecy of King Arthur's return figuratively as concerning their ascent to the throne of England that they sought to legitimise following the Wars of the Roses. ASSOCIATED WITH sea, tales (literary), king, british (england), VARIANTS Marlin▼, Marlon, Merle▼, Merlen, Merlinn, Merlyn▼, Merlynn, OTHER FORMS VIA AMBROSE, MERVYN Marven, Marvyn, Merven, Mervin▼, Mervynn, Murvin, Murvyn, Merlin is a somewhat prominent first name for males (#725 out of 1220, Top 59%) and an even more prominent last name for both adults and children (#21230 out of 150436, Top 14%). Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus over Merdinus in order to prevent associations with French merde “excrement”. Robert lays great emphasis on Merlin's power to shapeshift, on his joking personality, and on his connection to the Holy Grail, the quest for which he foretells. Marvin (#580 IN 2018), Marlon (#851), Ambrose (#1480), Marlin (#1807), Merle, Merlyn, Mervin and Mervyn are the popular variation forms of Merlin appearing in the Top 2000. from a diminutive of Merlo. Merlin matures to an ascendant sagehood and engineers the birth of Arthur through magic and intrigue.  But fate cannot always be changed: the Post-Vulgate Cycle has Merlin warn Arthur of how the birth of his other son will bring great misfortune and ruin to his kingdom, which then becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. Emrys was the personal name and a Welsh version of Ambrose. [note 12] Another site associated with Merlin's burial, in his 'Merlin Silvestris' aspect, is the confluence of the Pausalyl Burn and River Tweed in Drumelzier, Scotland. What follows next is supposedly narrated in the mysterious text Conte del Brait (Tale of the Cry).  Other purported sites of Merlin's burial include a cave deep inside Merlin's Hill (Welsh: Bryn Myrddin), outside Carmarthen. Geoffrey primarily combined existing stories of Myrddin Wyllt (or Merlinus Caledonensis), a North Brythonic prophet and madman with no connection to Arthur, with tales of the Romano-British war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus to form the composite figure he called Merlinus Ambrosius (Welsh: Myrddin Emrys, Breton: Merzhin Ambroaz). Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus over Merdinus in order to prevent associations with French merde "excrement". MERLIN Name Meaning and History What Does MERLIN Mean and History? [note 3] He also helps Arthur in other ways, including providing him with the magic sword Excalibur through a Lady of the Lake. Other suggested similar-sounding names are Arlin, Bergin, Berlin, Berlyn, Bertin, Berwin, Burlin, Carlin, Derrin, Dervin, Derwin, Devlin, Deylin, Fermin, Ferrin, Garlin, Germin, Harlin, Herin, Jermin, Jerrin, Karlin, Keelin, Kellin, Kervin, Kerwin, Malin, Mallin, Marland, Marlond, Martin▼, Marwin, Maslin, Medvin, Medwin, Mellan, Mellen, Mellin, Mellon, Melvin▼, Melwin, Meril, Merit, Merrik, Merril, Merton▼, Merwin, Merwinn (see Mervin), Merwyn, Morfin, Morland, Newlin, Orlin, Perkin, Perrin, Terrin, Verlin, Verllin (see Verlyn), Verlon, Verlyn, Vernin and Weylin. This amalgamation is Merlin whose full name is Merlin Ambrosius. Myrddin, the wizard who tutored King Arthur in British legend was known as Myrddin Emrys. These names tend to be less frequently used than Merlin. Here, Merlin's shapeshifting powers are also featured prominently. At this point Geoffrey inserted a long section of Merlin's prophecies, taken from his earlier Prophetiae Merlini. Through his ability to change his shape, he may appear as a "wild man" figure evoking that of his prototype Myrddin Wyllt, as a civilized man of any age, or even as a talking animal. n. In Baltimoron, it's the "Old Line State," or the state on the south side of the Mason-Dixon Line, and the state where Batimore rests at the mouth of the Patapsco River. As Lewis Thorpe notes, Merlin disappears from the narrative subsequently. Ulrich Füetrer's 15th-century Buch der Abenteuer presents Merlin as Uter's father, effectively making his grandson Arthur a part-devil too. Merlin is called Emrys because that was the name that was given to him when he was born in Caer-Fyrddin.  The story of Vortigern's tower is the same; the underground dragons, one white and one red, represent the Saxons and the Britons, and their final battle is a portent of things to come. More than once, the tower collapsed before completion. Form of the Welsh name Myrddin (meaning “sea fortress”) used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales. Nikolai Tolstoy hypothesized that Merlin is based on a historical personage, probably a 6th century druid living in southern Scotland. Geoffrey's account of Merlin Ambrosius' early life is based on the tale of Ambrosius in the Historia Brittonum. Later he became known as Merlin, which is a Latin translation of the Welsh word Myrddin. The prose version of Robert's poem was then continued in the 13th-century Merlin Continuation or the Suite de Merlin, describing King Arthur's early wars and Merlin's role in them as he predicts and influences the course of battles. (The stones, in actuality, came from the Preseli Hills in south-west Wales. English meaning: Sea fort. Merlinus was a Latinized form of Myrddin devised by Geoffrey of Monmouth and popularized in the Arthurian romances. The name Marlin is in the following categories: American Names, English Names, Hebrew Names, Unisex Names. Geoffrey's Prophetiae reveal little about Merlin's background. He added his own embellishments to the tale, which he set in Carmarthen, Wales (Welsh: Caerfyrddin). He is later found in the forest of, Merlin also otherwise protects Morgan in several other texts, including warning her of Arthur's wrath in Malory's telling of the plot of, Merlin is credited with predicting this: "Today I will perish, overwhelmed by stones and cudgels. Some of the many Welsh works predicting the Celtic revenge and victory over the Saxons have been reinterpreted as Merlin's (Myrddin's) prophecies, and later used by propaganda of the Welsh-descent king Henry VIII of England in the 16th century. Form of the Welsh name Myrddin (meaning "sea fortress") used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales. " In a version with a happier ending, contained within the Premiers Faits section of the Livre du Graal, Niniane peacefully confines him in Brocéliande with walls of air, visible only as a mist to others but as a beautiful yet unbreakable crystal tower to him (however Merlin's disembodied voice can escape his air prison, as he does speak to Gawain), where they then spend almost every night together. Infographic of Merlin name meaning, which is “From the fortress near the sea,” based on the Celtic mori (sea) and dunom (fortified hill). Ambrosius was rumoured to be such a child.  Celticist A. O. H. Jarman suggests that the Welsh name Myrddin (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈmərðin]) was derived from the toponym Caerfyrddin, the Welsh name for the town known in English as Carmarthen. [note 4], The extended prose rendering became the foundation for the vast Lancelot-Grail cyclical series of Old French prose works also known as the Vulgate Cycle. Though usually a figure who supports Arthur and his vision of. The name Marlin means Combination Of Maria And Magdalene and is of American origin. " Diverting from his traditional role in the legends, Merlin is sometimes portrayed as a villain, as in Mark Twain's humorous novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889). Mythology: Arthurian tales describe Merlin as the wizard who was King Arthur's mentor. The name "Merlin" is derived from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard who was one of the chief sources for the later legendary figure. The name Merlin is a boy's name of Welsh origin meaning "sea fortress". ) In the second, Merlin's magic enables the new British king Uther Pendragon to enter into Tintagel Castle in disguise and to father his son Arthur with his enemy's wife, Igerna (Igraine).  Conversely, Merlin seems to be inherently evil in the so-called non-cyclic Lancelot, where he was born as the "fatherless child" from not a supernatural rape of a virgin but a consensual union between a lustful demon and an unmarried beautiful young lady, and was never baptized. Eventually, long after Merlin is gone, his advice to dispose of the baby Mordred through an event evoking the Biblical Massacre of the Innocents leads leads to the deaths of many, among them Arthur. Origin: Old French-Latin The 15th-century Scotichronicon tells that Merlin himself underwent a triple-death, at the hands of some shepherds of the under-king Meldred: stoned and beaten by the shepherds, he falls over a cliff and is impaled on a stake, his head falls forward into the water, and he drowns. Merlin's fate of either demise or eternal imprisonment, along with his destroyer or captor's motivation (from her fear of Merlin and protecting her own virginity, to her jealously for his relationship with Morgan), is recounted differently in variants of this motif but is usually placed within the enchanted forest of Brocéliande. The name Carmarthen is derived from the town's previous Roman name Moridunum, in turn derived from Celtic Brittonic moridunon, 'sea fortress'.. Merlin is a Christian Boy name and it is an English originated name with multiple meanings. Aithusa is a white dragon summoned from its egg by Merlin, who later saved Morgana's life by healing her wounds. The different meanings of the name Merlin are: Welsh meaning: Sea fort. The name was most famously borne in Arthurian legend by the magician helper and guide of King Arthur.  Besides evoking the final scenes from Vita Merlini, this one shares similarities with reverse scenarios in other works, where either Merlin himself is an object of one-sided desire by an amorous sorceress who plots to trap him or it is him who traps an unwilling lover. Merlin ▼ as a boys' name is pronounced MER-lin. Compared to his French sources, Malory limited the extent of the negative association of Merlin and his powers, relatively rarely being condemned as demonic by other characters such as King Lot.  Malory's telling of this episode would later become a major inspiration for Romantic authors and artists of the 19th century. [note 6] While Merlin does share his magic with them, his prophetic powers cannot be passed on. , The name "Merlin" is derived from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard who was one of the chief sources for the later legendary figure. In the Vulgate Cycle's version of Merlin, his acts include arranging consummation of Arthur's desire for "the most beautiful maiden ever born," Lady Lisanor of Cardigan, resulting in the birth of Arthur's illegitimate son Lohot from before the marriage to Guinevere. ":62, Merlin and stories involving him have continued to be popular from the Renaissance to the present day, especially since the renewed interest in the legend of Arthur in modern times.  In some texts, including in Le Morte d'Arthur, she then replaces Merlin in the role of Arthur's court mage and adviser as a Lady of the Lake (the chief Lady in case of Malory's Nimue) following the 'last enchantement'. He was also influenced by Emrys (Old Welsh: Embreis), a character based in part on the 5th century historical war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus, who was mentioned in one of Geoffrey's primary sources, the early 9th-century Historia Brittonum. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. Merlin Name Meaning in Urdu & English. In the Post-Vulgate Suite, the young King Bagdemagus manages to find the rock under which Merlin is entombed alive by Niviene; he communicates with Merlin, but cannot lift it. Merlin name meaning is falcon, and the lucky number associated with is 8. from the Arthurian personal name Merlino, borrowed from French Merlin. , Clas Myrddin or Merlin's Enclosure is an early name for Great Britain stated in the Third Series of Welsh Triads.  The Prose Lancelot further relates that, after growing up in the borderlands between Scotland (Pictish lands) and Ireland (Argyll), Merlin "possessed all the wisdom that can come from demons, which is why he was so feared by the Bretons and so revered that everyone called him a holy prophet and the ordinary people all called him their god.". The earliest version of the Annales Cambriae entry (in the "A-text", written c. 1100), as well as a later copy (the "C-text", written towards the end of the 13th century) do not mention Merlin. Adoption of these forms of Merlin was widespread 9 decades ago (ADOPTION OF 0.55%) and is now significantly reduced (ADOPTION 0.05%, ▼90.5%), with versions like Mervin becoming somewhat outmoded. Nimue & Merlin's History (If you would like to suggest one or more categories for the name, click here).We have plenty of different baby name categories to search for special meanings plus popular and unique names, search our database before choosing but also note that baby name … [note 9], There are many different versions of their story. Find out more about the name Marlin at BabyNames.com. Here, Merlin survives Arthur, marries a woman named Guendoloena (inspired by the male Gwenddoleu ap Ceidio),:44 and eventually spends his time observing stars from his esplumoir [fr] with seventy windows, in the remote woods in the land of Rhydderch. He went on to add new episodes that tie Merlin with King Arthur and his predecessors. The narrative of Merlin is largely based on Geoffrey's familiar tale of Vortigern's Tower, Uther's war against the Saxons, and Arthur's conception. Only a few lines of the poem have survived, but a prose version became popular and was incorporated into Arthurian chivalric romance literature. Geoffrey had Myrddin in mind when he wrote his earliest surviving work, the Prophetiae Merlini ("Prophecies of Merlin", c. 1130), which he claimed were the actual words of the legendary poet and madman. There, he is often visited by his sister Ganieda (based on Myrddin's sister Gwenddydd) who has become queen of the Cumbrians and is also endowed with prophetic powers. He is popularly said to be buried in the magical forest of Brocéliande. Merlin as a boys' name is pronounced MER-lin. Mythology: Arthurian tales describe Merlin as the wizard who was King Arthur's mentor. It is of Welsh origin, and the meaning of Merlin is "sea fortress". [note 13] The fulfilment of another prophecy, ascribed to Thomas the Rhymer, came about when a spate of the Tweed and Pausayl occurred during the reign of the Scottish James VI and I on the English throne: "When Tweed and Pausayl meet at Merlin's grave, / Scotland and England one king shall have. A further reworking and continuation of the Prose Merlin was included within the subsequent Post-Vulgate Cycle as the Post-Vulgate Suite du Merlin or the Huth Merlin. Merlin appears as a woodcutter with an axe about his neck, big shoes, a torn coat, bristly hair, and a large beard.  In British poetry, Myrddin was a bard driven mad after witnessing the horrors of war, who fled civilization to become a wild man of the wood in the 6th century. In Robert's account, as in Geoffrey's Historia, Merlin was created as a demon spawn, but here explicitly to become the Antichrist who is to reverse the effect of the Harrowing of Hell. See the popularity of the girl's name Merlin over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. For the episode with the same name see: Aithusa (episode). In Nennius' account, Ambrosius was discovered when the British king Vortigern attempted to errect a tower at Dinas Emrys. All these variants have been adapted and translated into several other languages, and further modified. [note 5] In the Perceval en prose (also known as the Didot Perceval and too attributed to Robert), where Merlin is the initiator of the Grail Quest, he eventually retires by turning himself into a bird. The earliest English verse romance concerning Merlin is Of Arthour and of Merlin, which drew from the chronicles and the Vulgate Cycle. Merlin began to make an appearance in the early 10th century. Football player Merlin Olsen. He supplemented his characterisation by attributing to Merlin stories concernig Aurelius Ambrosius, taken from Nennius' Historia Brittonum. Detailed meaning.  This madman, also known as Lailoken, has parallels with the Irish Suibhne (Sweeney),:58 roams the Caledonian Forest, until cured of his madness by Kentigern (Saint Mungo). possibly in some cases, a Lombardic habitational name from Merlino in Milan province.  Later authors have Merlin serve as the king's advisor and mentor until he disappears from the story after having been bewitched and forever sealed or killed by his student known as the Lady of the Lake after falling madly in love with her.