Gagarin enrolled in the programme in September 1960 and did not earn his specialist diploma until early 1968. [6][7], Situated along the path of several invasions into Russia, Gagarin's hometown has been the site of many wars and conquests from foreign nations. The other members of the group were Anatoliy Kartashov, Andriyan Nikolayev, Pavel Popovich, German Titov, and Valentin Varlamov. Art in the age of orbitization", "Gagarin in Brazil: reassessing the terms of the Cold War domestic political debate in 1961", Net-Film Newsreels and Documentary Films Archive,, Aviators killed in aviation accidents or incidents, People from Gagarinsky District, Smolensk Oblast, Recipients of the Order of Georgi Dimitrov, Recipients of the Order of the African Star, Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Grunwald, 1st class, Recipients of the Order of the Flag of the Hungarian Republic, Russian Orthodox Christians from the Soviet Union, Victims of aviation accidents or incidents in 1968, Victims of aviation accidents or incidents in the Soviet Union, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Memorial to Gagarin and Seregin at crash location, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 15:45. You feel as if you are suspended", Gagarin wrote in his post-flight report. 32U E 370102 N 5617355. [118][119] In 1971, Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin left the small Fallen Astronaut sculpture at their landing site as a memorial to the American astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts who died in the Space Race; the names on its plaque included Yuri Gagarin and 14 others. [45] He also wrote in his autobiography released the same year that he sang the tune "The Motherland Hears, The Motherland Knows" ("Родина слышит, Родина знает") during re-entry. [147][148], "Gagarin" redirects here. Yuri Gagarin was born 9 March 1934 in the village of Klushino,[1] near Gzhatsk (renamed Gagarin in 1968 after his death). The mysterious death of a space-age hero", "Yuri Gagarin death mystery solved after 40 years", "The first man to die in the Space Race cursed the USSR the whole way down", "Astronaut meets press at Moscow (continued from page 1)", "Čestný titul Hrdina socialistické práce s právem nosit zlatou hvězdu Hrdiny socialistické práce", "British queen rolls out red carpet for Yuri", "Brazilian President pins medal on Yuri, praises space flight", "Darwin's Day to Yuri's Night: Some science dates to remember", "Celebrating the beginning of the space era for mankind", "Создана Военно-воздушная академия им. The bodies of Gagarin and Seryogin were cremated and their ashes interred in the walls of the Kremlin. [93][94][95][96][97], On 14 April 1961, Gagarin was honoured with a 12-mile (19 km) parade attended by millions of people that concluded at the Red Square. Ze keerden pas na de oorlog in 1945 terug. Ook werd de stad Gzjatsk, vlak bij zijn geboortedorp, in 1968 omgedoopt in Gagarin. Sovjetambtenaren probeerden te voorkomen dat Gagarin nog een vlucht zou maken, omdat ze bang waren hun held te verliezen bij een ongeluk. De exacte toedracht van het ongeluk is nooit bekend geworden.[1]. 9 песен, посвященных Юрию Гагарину", "Picture: first Armavia Superjet awaits delivery", "База данных по памятным и инвестиционным монетам", "Yuri Gagarin Featured on Russian Gold and Silver Coins", "UFA Sports to market Kontinental Hockey League", "Space Foundation Survey Reveals Broad Range of Space Heroes", "A half-century on, Russian space flight pioneer Yuri Gagarin stands tall", "How Yuri Gagarin's historic flight was nearly grounded", "Gagarin Monument Moved from London's Mall to Greenwich", "Houston mayor, NASA administrator & Russian ambassador dedicate gifts of artworks honoring Russian and US space pioneers", "Houston unveils monument to first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin", "Controversial Gagarin monument to be removed, new one built", "Jorit, il Bansky italiano approda in Russia: a Mosca un suo murales gigante dedicato a Gagarin", "La nuova opera di Jorit è in Russia: un murale dedicato a Yuri Gagarin", "Yuri's Night 2011 International Space Station crew: 50th anniversary of human spaceflight", "The sincere deceiver: Yuri Gagarin and the search for a higher truth", "Conquering space: the cult of Yuri Gagarin", "Look up! [135] In 2013, the statue was moved to a permanent location outside the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Gagarin died five weeks later when the MiG-15 training jet he was piloting with his flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin crashed near the town of Kirzhach. Despite this, he remained a strong contender for Soyuz 1 until he was replaced by Komarov in April 1966 and reassigned to Soyuz 3. Following his spaceflight, Gagarin became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre, which was later named after him. [68] After the Soyuz 1 crash, Gagarin was permanently banned from training for and participating in further spaceflights. The Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City was named on 30 April 1968. [9], In 1955, Gagarin was accepted to the First Chkalovsky Higher Air Force Pilots School in Orenburg. The documents revealed that the commission's original conclusion was that Gagarin or Seryogin had manoeuvred sharply, either to avoid a weather balloon or to avoid "entry into the upper limit of the first layer of cloud cover", leading the jet into a "super-critical flight regime and to its stalling in complex meteorological conditions". [citation needed], The 50th anniversary of Gagarin's journey into space was marked in 2011 by tributes around the world. Historian Asif Siddiqi writes of the final selection:[35]. He later joined the Soviet Air Forces as a pilot and was stationed at the Luostari Air Base, near the Norwegian border, before his selection for the Soviet space programme with five other cosmonauts. [18] On 20 December, Gagarin became Deputy Training Director of the cosmonaut training facility. [92], According to some conspiracy theories, Gagarin's death was ordered by Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, who supposedly was jealous of Gagarin's popularity, overshadowing him at public events. Na de vlucht werd Gagarin een wereldwijde beroemdheid. He also trained for the upcoming flight by experiencing g-forces in a centrifuge. Jurij Alexejevič Gagarin (rus. Coming from humble beginnings, Gagarin had finished a course in flying and had entered the Soviet Air Force as a cadet, from which he graduated in 1957. [44], "The feeling of weightlessness was somewhat unfamiliar compared with Earth conditions. On 17 January, they were tested in a simulator at the M. M. Gromov Flight-Research Institute on a full-size mockup of the Vostok capsule. When they were asked to vote anonymously for a candidate besides themselves they would like to be the first to fly, all but three chose Gagarin. [129] The Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft was named Gagarin with the launch in April 2011 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of his mission. De vlucht bestond uit een enkele baan om de aarde en duurde 108 minuten van lancering tot landing. [26] One of these candidates, Yevgeny Khrunov, believed that Gagarin was very focused and was demanding of himself and others when necessary. Joeri Aleksejevitsj Gagarin (Russisch: Юрий Алексеевич Гагарин) (Kloesjino, 9 maart 1934 – Novosjolovo, 27 maart 1968) was een Russisch/Sovjetpiloot en kosmonaut. ", "Yuri Gagarin: 50th anniversary of the first man in space", "Why Yuri Gagarin remains the first man in space, even though he did not land inside his spacecraft", "Memories sought of Yuri Gagarin's way into space", "Sergei Korolev: the rocket genius behind Yuri Gagarin", "Cosmonaut crashed into Earth 'crying in rage, "Biography of Yuri Gagarin, first man in space", "8 – 9 апреля заведующая кафедрой национальной и региональной экономики, проф. [43] Gagarin became the first human to orbit the Earth. [140][141] Belgrade City Manager Goran Vesic stated that neither the city, the Serbian Ministry of Culture, nor the foundation that financed it had prior knowledge of the design. [136], In 2012, a statue was unveiled at the site of NASA's original spaceflight headquarters on South Wayside Drive in Houston. [123], Gagarin is memorialised in music; a cycle of Soviet patriotic songs titled The Constellation Gagarin (Созвездье Гагарина, Sozvezdie Gagarina) was written by Aleksandra Pakhmutova and Nikolai Dobronravov in 1970–1971. Gagarin werd ook geëerd door het Amerikaanse ruimteprogramma. Een kleine selectie van de belangrijkste is hieronder gegeven. Er werden twee herdenkingsmunten uitgebracht in de Sovjet-Unie om de 20ste en 30ste verjaardag van zijn vlucht te gedenken: 1 roebel (1981, koper/nikkel) en 3 roebel (1991, zilver). Zijn ouders werkten op een boerderij: Aleksej Ivanovitsj Gagarin als timmerman en metselaar, Anna Timofejevna Gagarina als melkmeisje. Without much discussion, the commission approved the proposal and moved on to other last-minute logistical issues. ')[e] later became a popular expression in the Eastern Bloc that was used to refer to the beginning of the Space Age. [4][b] Yuri was the third of four children. [87][88] According to a biography of Gagarin by Jamie Doran and Piers Bizony, Starman: The Truth Behind the Legend of Yuri Gagarin, the KGB worked "not just alongside the Air Force and the official commission members but against them. He became a lieutenant colonel of the Soviet Air Forces on 12 June 1962, and received the rank of colonel on 6 November 1963. [143][144] The mural is the largest portrait of Gagarin in the world. [111], The date of Gagarin's space flight, 12 April, has been commemorated. Na te zijn afgestudeerd van zowel de avondschool als de beroepsopleiding van de fabriek, werd hij uitgekozen om verder te studeren aan de industriële technische school van Saratov. [72] He was also a basketball fan and coached the Saratov Industrial Technical School team, as well as being a referee. His sister Zoya, born in 1927, helped take care of "Yura" and their youngest brother Boris, born in 1936. ", Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union, Order of the Flag of the Republic of Hungary, "Yuri Gagarin's Klushino: forgotten home of space legend", "Yuri Gagarin: the man who fell to Earth", "First man of Space – the flight and plight of Yuri Gagarin", "How bright it is – how incredibly beautiful! [17] Gagarin was promoted to the rank of senior lieutenant on 6 November 1959,[18] three weeks after he was interviewed by a medical commission for qualification to the space programme. [137][138] The Russian Federation presented a bust of Gagarin to several cities in India including one that was unveiled at the Birla Planetarium in Kolkata in February 2012. [129], In 2008, the Kontinental Hockey League named their championship trophy the Gagarin Cup. The first twelve including Gagarin were approved on 7 March 1960 and eight more were added in a series of subsequent orders issued until June. Ook zijn copiloot kwam hierbij om het leven. Na zijn afstuderen werd Gagarin op de luchtmachtbasis van Loeostari in oblast Moermansk gestationeerd. His older brother Valentin was born in 1924 and by the time Yuri was born was already helping with the cattle on the farm. [11][13][75] They were married on 7 November of the same year,[11] the same day Gagarin graduated from his flight school, and they had two daughters. "[87], The KGB's report, declassified in March 2003, dismissed various conspiracy theories and instead indicated the actions of airbase personnel contributed to the crash. [88] Another theory, advanced in 2005 by the original crash investigator, hypothesizes that a cabin air vent was accidentally left open by the crew or the previous pilot, leading to oxygen deprivation and leaving the crew incapable of controlling the aircraft. [51], Gagarin gained a reputation as an adept public figure and was noted for his charismatic smile.